Skip to Content

Degree Tracks

Please note – our course coding is changing in Fall 2020 from GEOL to ERTH in the class schedule and catalog!
For majors who declared prior to Fall 2020,
both GEOL and ERTH codes will be applied to your degree requirements.

Students who major in Earth Sciences choose one of four subject areas, or tracks, to complete requirements for a Bachelor of Science Degree. The tracks (Geology, Environmental Geoscience, Geophysics, and Paleontology) provide students with a focused curriculum in their chosen subject area. Students interested in a geology minor must take a different sequence of classes (see requirements for a minor in Earth Sciences).

All majors take a common set of core courses that include introductory geology, physics, chemistry, and mathematics. Each track specifies a set of required courses that are followed by electives.  Course requirements for the major changed in Fall 2019.  Students who declared the major prior to Fall 2019 are advised to come to the departmental office in 100 Cascade for their track sheets, or use the Degree Audit in Duckweb to track their progress.

The focus of each track is summarized below.  These track sheets are outlines – full information on graduation requirements can be found in the Course Catalog


The Geology track provides students with a rigorous background that emphasizes traditional disciplines of petrology, structural geology, tectonics, stratigraphy, and field studies. Upper-division electives permit students to focus in a chosen subdiscipline or develop greater breadth, and include courses in geophysics, geochemistry, petrology, data analysis, physics, math, geomorphology, and neotectonics.

Environmental Geoscience

This track is for students who want to understand the earth’s surface environments – rivers, hillslopes, soils, ground water and oceans – and how humans interact with these environments. Track requirements include courses in energy resources, sedimentary environments, and geologic hazards. Electives are selected from all geology courses numbered 414 and higher, as well as courses in geography, chemistry, math, physics, and biology.


In Geophysics, students develop a foundation in mathematics and physics that enables them to apply quantitative methods to understanding processes such as earthquakes, mantle flow, plate movements, heat flow, and crustal deformation. Upper-division electives are selected from courses in structural geology, geodynamics, neotectonics, fault mechanics, remote sensing, geomorphology, and advanced math courses.


In paleontology, students study the evolution of life as preserved in fossils extracted from ancient rocks. Students take courses in vertebrate and invertebrate paleontology, paleosols, stratigraphy, and field methods. Elective courses permit students to develop a complementary focus in biology or chemistry, and/or additional paleontology.

Skip to toolbar